Harvard University is a private university located on the east coast of the United States, in the city of Cambridg e, Massachusetts. It is a private institution founded in 1636, making it the oldest university in the United States. While it had only nine students at its inception, today it has more than 371,000 living alumni, of which 59,000 are outside the United States, and is one of the most influential universities in the world, it also has the largest university budget in the world. world: $39.2 billion in 2018, although in terms of endowment per student it ranks third in the United States, behind Princeton and Yale.
It is ranked number one in the Academic Ranking of World Universities, number 10 in the Heeact World University Rankings and in the US News & World Report rankings. Harvard University is a private university located on the east coast of the United States, in the city of Cambridge, Massachusetts. Its library is the largest private, academic library system in the world, comprising 79 individual libraries with more than 20 million volumes.
The 85-hectare main campus is centered at the Harvard Yard in Cambridge, a city of about 100,000, adjacent to Boston, which is located to the South.
Cambridge is about 300 kilometres from the Canadian border. John Harvard was the founder of Harvard University which bears his surname located in Massachutets, Boston.
When you cross the Charles River from Cambridge, you enter the city of Boston, in whose neighborhood of Allston, inhabited mainly by Harvard University students, are the Business School and athletic and sports facilities, including Harvard Stadium.
Further afield, entering the city of Boston about three kilometers in a southeasterly direction, are the schools of Medicine, Dentistry, and Public Health, in the Longwood Medical Area.
Harvard University was founded in 1636. Its original name was New College or the College at New Town and it was created without a single teacher, with a single student, and not even with a single building.
In 1639, less than three years after its founding, changed the name to Harvard College, as a show of gratitude to its benefactor John Harvard, a young clergyman to his death, a few months before, had been donated to the institution recently created a precious legacy: his library of 400 volumes and half of his considerable personal wealth, a sum of 780 pounds.
Later the institution would change its name to Harvard University. This new and definitive name first appeared in the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780, at the height of the Revolutionary era.
Evolution of Harvard University
The first cloister of the University, made up of religious and Christian congregations,Unitarian, had an eminently religious character.
Subsequently, during the eighteenth century, the academic curriculum and the student body were gradually secularized.
By the nineteenth century Harvard had already become the central cultural establishment of Boston’s elites.
After the American Civil War, and for forty years, between 1869 and 1909, the University was presided over by Charles William Eliot, who radically transformed the model of educational institution that had prevailed until then at Harvard, turning it into a modern research center. The reform included elective courses, reduced classes and the introduction of examinations. This new model influenced the U.S. educational system in both higher and secondary education. Eliot was also the driving force behind the publication of the now famous Harvard Classics, a collection of great books on multiple disciplines (published since 1909), which offered a college education “in fifteen minutes of reading a day.” During his long and influential presidency, Eliot became so widely recognized as a public figure that after his death in 1926.
Harvard University was established in the Association of American universities in 1900.
Harvard in the twentieth century
A. Lawrence Lowell, who succeeded Eliot, further improved the undergrad educational program. He also undertook an expansive land acquisition campaign to expand Harvard’s physical plant and student housing system.
During the Great Depression and World War II The University was run by James Bryant Conant, who after the war initiated a new curriculum reform. But perhaps Conant’s most important reform was the one that affected the admissions system, which was to profoundly transform Harvard, which until then was synonymous with exclusivity for the political and economic elites: almost all students who were admitted to Harvard had a high socioeconomic status within the social group that today we call “Wasp” (white Anglo-Saxon Protestants).
Conant was an anti-Semite; before the outbreak of World War II he had shown sympathy for Hitler’s racist government in Germany11. However, he envisioned high quality higher education not so much as an entitlement for children from wealthy families, but rather as a means of providing opportunities for talented and capable young people. In doing so, he devised programs to identify, support, and recruit talented and able young people, and between 1945 and 1960 he implemented admissions policies that allowed public high school students to enter Harvard. The change came at the expense of elite private elementary and secondary institutions, which until then were virtually the only ones that had been bringing students to Harvard. The new admissions policy also opened the doors to more Jews and Catholics. Still few blacks, though.
Since then, the situation has continued to progress with regard to the socioeconomic status and religious diversity of students admitted to Harvard, as well as with regard to the racial component. In 2017, a higher proportion of non-white students was achieved for the first time in the first year. 50.8% of the total was composed of students of black (15%), Ibero-American (12%), Asian (23%, mainly Mongoloid, and also to a lesser extent Caucasoid) races, as well as small representations of Australoid students, native to North America, etc.
As for gender education, evolution has also been progressive. Already in the nineteenth century some Harvard faculties reluctantly accepted a small number of women into their classrooms. But in 1945, the Faculty of Medicine began to provide women with formally regulated university education. Harvard College, Harvard’s undergraduate training center, would become co-educational beginning in 1977 following Harvard’s partnership with Radcliffe College, an attached (“sister”) Women’s educational institution that had been founded one hundred and twenty years earlier.
Recently, in 1999, Radcliffe College was completely merged with Harvard University, becoming the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Studies.
Faculties and schools
Harvard has twelve faculties and schools that teach official academic courses and award degrees. The University also has the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, which functions as a teaching center separate from the schools and faculties.
The following list lists the faculties and schools in chronological order from oldest to youngest. The first didactic unit was founded almost four hundred years ago, in 1636, and the last one just a decade ago, in 2007.
- Harvard Faculty of Arts and Sciences
- It includes Harvard College the oldest teaching unit in Harvard, as well as the Harvard Division of Continuing Education, founded in the twentieth century
- Harvard Medical School
- Harvard Divinity School
- Harvard Law School
- Harvard School Of Dental Medicine
- Harvard Graduate School of Arts & Sciences
- Harvard Business School
- Harvard Graduate School of Design
- Harvard Graduate School of Education
- Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health
- Harvard Kennedy School
- Harvard John A. Paulson School Applied Sciences and of Engineerings
Why study at Harvard University?
Harvard University is the most established foundation of advanced education in the United States and perhaps the most esteemed on the planet. It emerged in 1636 as New College and later changed its name to Harvard College in recognition of its principal benefactor, John Harvard of Charleston, who donated his library and all his savings to the institution. In 1870 it changed its name again to procure its present name.
Its prestige and academic excellence are recognized nationally and internationally, and it is considered the best university in the world according to different university rankings. Its library, with an assortment of 20.4 million volumes and 5.4 terabytes of computerized records, is the biggest scholarly library on the planet.
Through its classrooms have passed very important characters for the history of humanity, among them more than 40 Nobel laureates and 32 presidents of State. In the list of alumni you can find such names as Theodore Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, Barack Obama, Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg, Ban Ki-moon and T. S. Elliot.
Harvard’s tuition is very expensive, but more than 65% of its students receive some form of financial aid. The goal of the university is that economic circumstances do not prevent a good student from training in the institution. For this purpose, the aid is granted on the basis of family income and can reach the entire enrolment. According to their website, for 90% of American families a Harvard enrollment is the same expense or less than attending a public university.
Harvard’s global positioning
Since its inception, the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) has ranked Harvard every year as the best university in the world15.
During the time when Qs and Times Higher Education were jointly published as the-QS World University Rankings, in 2004-2009, Harvard ranked first every year16.
The World Reputation Rankings have consecutively ranked Harvard as the most important institution among the” six super-brands ” of universities in the world. The other five are Berkeley, Cambridge, MIT, Oxford and Stanford.
Harvard is ranked as the best university in the world according to the following university rankings:
- THE Academic Ranking of Universities.
- It is in the world ranking of the best universities according to heeact.
- Academic Ranking of World Universities. Ahead of Stanford and Berkeley.
- Ranking of the Cybermetrics Laboratory of the Spanish National Research Council. Ahead of MIT, Stanford and Berkeley
How to Get Into Harvard University? REQUIRE
The requirements to enter Harvard University are as high as you can imagine. It is one of the most select universities in the world, as out of every 100 applications, only 5 students are admitted.
It is therefore that some of the requirements include:
- Take the SAT exam and get more than 1500 points.
- Demonstrate your level of English, either through the TOEFL test or another route.
- Submit 2 SAT Subject Tests.
- Finish high school with a minimum grade in your GPA of 4.0, which would equal a 9/10.
- Submit letters of recommendation from teachers.
- And some extra-official requirements that will give points to your candidacy such as volunteering activities, or performing other extracurricular activities such as playing an instrument, math championships, chess or any other intellectual ability you have.
How much does Harvard University cost? PRICE
Families with scholarship students pay an average of an 12,000 annually for the cost of an education at Harvard.
And the good news is that 55% of Harvard College students receive need-based scholarship help, and the average grant this past year is over.53,000.
On the other hand, thanks to the Harvard College financial aid program:
- Harvard families with annual incomes of less than $65,000 pay nothing.
- Families with annual incomes up to $150,000 must pay 0 to 10% of income.
- Families with incomes over $150,000 must pay proportionately.
- Harvard College offers an easy-to-use net price calculator where applicants and their families can enter their financial data to estimate the net price they are expected to pay for a year at Harvard.
In summary, the total cost during the 2021 academic year to attend Harvard College without financial aid was $51,904 for tuition and $73,590 for tuition, room, board and fees combined.
If you have any questions about Harvard University, let me know in the comments below.
Harvard, as a large research university with a high percentage of student residency, requires a high level of funding. Harvard’s 2020 endowment was 3.392 billion, the highest in the world.
This substantial social capital comes from various sources. A large part consists of donations and testamentary bequests of alumni, usually assets or sums of at least six figures. These alumni follow the example of the first and most famous of the University’s benefactors-John Harvard.
But it also comes from fundraising campaigns that the University drives nationally. In the last one, which lasted five years, between 2013 and 2020, Harvard raised nearly $10 billion.
A finance company owned by the University itself, Harvard Management Company, Inc. is responsible for managing and investing equity capital in various financial markets. Most of the return generated by these investments is derived from the University’s annual spending budget, which in 2020 totaled $5 billion.
Harvard Free Online Courses
In addition to the courses mentioned above, which are taught in person on the University’s Main campus, Free Online Courses are also offered at Harvard
These courses are in English, although you can also find courses with Spanish subtitles.
And what are these courses about?
You can find courses on different topics such as Law, Political Science, Business and Economics, Science and health, Buddhism, education, religion, literature, Human Rights, architecture, programming, climate change or neuroscience.
And best of all, Harvard online courses are 100% free!
You only pay if you want the final certification, a university accreditation that certifies that you have completed the course.
But what are the requirements to be able to do these courses?
- Have an Internet connection.
- A computer, tablet or mobile.
- It doesn’t matter which country you are from, or how old you are, or your previous knowledge or studies.
What are you waiting for?
In the mid-forties of the twentieth century, Harvard was an exclusive institution to which only American political and economic elites had access.
Following the transformation of the University between 1945 and 1960, Harvard began to include scholarship programs. Today, these programs amount to several hundred million dollars annually. In the academic year 2020-2021, Harvard will allocate $614 million to scholarships.
Currently (2020-2021 academic year) 20% of Harvard students come from families with incomes of less than $65,000 per year. These students, both U.S. and international, receive scholarships that cover 100% of the cost of their study programs, including room, board and airfare.
Families with incomes up to an 150,000 per year are required to pay between 0 and 10 per cent of the total cost. Families with higher incomes are asked to contribute more.
70% of Harvard understudies get some type of monetary guide. More than 50% of them receive a scholarship. These scholarships average more than an 53,000 annually. Scholarship students pay an average of an 12,000 annually.
The result of this scholarship program is that for 90% of American families, studying at Harvard today is cheaper than studying at any public university in the United States.
Scholarship students contribute work a few hours a week and during the summer to pay for their studies at the University. Jobs as lab assistant, library assistant, research assistant, etc.
The admission of applicants is the second lowest in the United States: for the course of 2021, of the approximately 40,000 applications, only 5.2% has been accepted. The selection is based on three general criteria, aimed at recruiting exceptional students:
- Academic performance, curricular skills.
- Extracurricular activities, talents and interests, including community service.
- Personality traits of the applicant
The University reserves a quota of places for the children of alumni, which elicits criticism from its detractors, who accuse the University of favoring white and wealthy students.
The proportion of international students admitted is notable at around 23% of the total, including those pursuing master’s and postgraduate studies in general. More than half of the international students, 56%, come from Commonwealth countries, mainly the United Kingdom, Canada, India, Australia, Singapore, Hong Kong and South Africa.
Students residing in the United States who lack proper documentation and who are admitted to Harvard, are considered by this university as international students.
The library contains over 20 million volumes, making it the largest academic library in the United States, and the fourth among the five “mega-libraries” in the world (after the library of Congress, the British Library, and the National Library of France, and in front of the New York Public Library).
Main article: Harvard Crimson
The Harvard Crimson is the team that represents the University in college competitions, organized by the NCAA, where it is part of the Ivy League Conference.
The team has the Harvard Stadium, an American football stadium that seats 30,898 spectators, the Lavietes Pavilion or basketball stadium that seats 2,195 spectators, and the Bright Hockey Center, an ice sports palace that seats 2,850 spectators. The mascot of the University is called John Harvard. It is noteworthy that the University does not offer sports scholarships.
Harvard’s main sports rivals are Yale and Cornell.
The Harvard Crimson have official teams in 21 different sports. They include a total of 41 official teams, more than any other American University: 20 men’s teams and 21 women’s teams.
Harvard also has other sports clubs, such as the Harvard Shotokan Karate, etc.
Among the alumni / alumni are:
Harvard has given the world:
- 161 Nobel Prizes.
- 18 Fields Medal winners.
- 14 Turing Award winners.
- 359 Rhodes scholars and 242 Marshall fellows.
- 10 Academy Awards.
- 48 Pulitzer Prizes.
- 108 Olympic medals ( 21 bronze, 41 silver and 46 gold 21 bronze).
- 62 billionaires (billionaires) alive, people whose fortune exceeds one billion dollars, because in America they still still call” billion ” the billion, that is, Billion (a one and nine zeros). But actually a billion is a million million (a one and twelve zeros).
- 8 presidents of the United States.
- 30 foreign heads of State.
Harvard’s impact on popular culture
The perception of the old Harvard as a center reserved for the political and economic elites of the United States, as well as the perception of the new Harvard more open and supportive today, have constituted recurrent literary and cinematographic motives.
As a world-leading institution, Harvard has had a remarkable impact on popular culture, literature and film.
- Noise and fury (1929) and Absalom, Absalom! (1936), both works written by William Faulkner, immerse themselves in the Harvard student life of the 20s and 30s of the twentieth century.
- Of Time and the River (1935), the fictional autobiography of Thomas Wolfe, includes the student days of his alter ego at Harvard.
- The Late George Apley (1937, Pulitzer Prize winner), by John P. Marquand, parodies Harvard students in the early twentieth century.
- The Second Happiest Day (1953), by John P. Marquand, Jr., represents the Harvard generation of World War II.
- Brown of Harvard (1926)
- Love Story (1970), by Erich Segal, which chronicles the romance between a wealthy Player of the Harvard hockey team (Ryan O’neal) and a bright and modest social class student of Radcliffe (Ali MacGraw). This film is screened annually for new students arriving at Harvard University.
- Life of a student (1973)
- Soul Man (1986) a comedy about a white student (Christopher Thomas Howell) who, unable to pay for his degree at Harvard, decides to pretend to be a student of color to get a scholarship.
- With honors (1994)
- Good Will Hunting (1997), written by Matt Damon as a student in a drama class and with the participation of Robin Williams.
- Prozac Nation (2001)
- Legally Blonde (2001)
- Stealing Harvard (2002)
- 21 (2008)
- Angels and Demons (2009)
- The Social Network. David Fincher (2010)
- Professor Marston and Wonder Woman (2017)
- Gilmore Girls